Types of Blood Pressure Medications

types of blood pressure medications

Hypertension aka high blood pressure is often called “the silent killer.” Why? It can cause significant damage to your heart and arteries—without you knowing!

This can lead to various complications, including death. In fact, it causes up to 60,000 deaths every year in the United States.

Fortunately, there are ways that you can treat the condition. For one thing, there are medications that you can take to keep your blood pressure under control. Certain lifestyle changes can also help.

Want to know what the different types of blood pressure medications are? If so, you’re on the right page! We’ll be going over everything that you need to know below.

Keep reading to learn more!

What is High Blood Pressure?

Hypertension is a chronic condition in which there’s too much pressure in your blood vessels. That is, there’s too much force against your artery walls.

Left untreated, it can lead to various health problems such as heart disease. That’s why early detection is so important.

How common is it? More common than you think. According to the ACC, nearly half of all Americans have the condition.

Symptoms of Hypertension 

Hypertension causes no obvious symptoms. It’s not uncommon for people to go for many years without realizing that they have the condition.

In severe cases, however, it can lead to headaches, dizziness, chest pain, nosebleeds, and visual changes. Visit the doctor immediately if you are experiencing any of these symptoms. 

The last thing that you want is to wait until there's significant damage to the body!

What Causes High Blood Pressure? 

There are two main types of hypertension—primary and secondary. 

Primary Hypertension

Primary hypertension is the most common type of hypertension. It generally develops over time with no identifiable cause.

However, researchers believe that it might have something to do with genes. That is, some people may be genetically predisposed to having high blood pressure.

Physical changes may play a part as well. For example, changes in kidney function can disrupt the body’s balance of salts and fluid, which can elevate blood pressure.

Secondary Hypertension

Secondary hypertension is high blood pressure that results from an underlying medical condition. More often than not, it will occur quickly.

For example, it might be due to kidney disease, congenital heart defects, obstructive sleep apnea, alcohol abuse, or adrenal gland problems. Certain medications may also increase blood pressure as a side effect.

Diagnosing High Blood Pressure 

High blood pressure is relatively easy to diagnose. A doctor will take a reading, usually as part of a routine visit.

If your blood pressure is elevated, your doctor will request that you have more readings done over the next few days. This will let them know whether or not it’s a sustained problem.

If your blood pressure remains high, they’ll likely conduct more tests (e.g. urine test, ultrasound, EKG) to rule out other conditions.

Understanding Blood Pressure Readings 

A blood pressure reading consists of two numbers. The first, or top number, represents systolic pressure. That’s the pressure in your blood vessels when your heart pumps out blood.

The second, or bottom number, represents diastolic pressure. That’s the pressure in your arteries when your heart is filling with blood.

A healthy blood pressure reading is anything below 120/80 mm Hg. Generally speaking, anything above 130/80 will require treatment.

5 Types of Blood Pressure Medications

There are several types of medications that you can take for hypertension. Here are some of them:

1. Beta-Blockers

Beta-blockers are a type of drug that makes your heart beat more slowly with less force. This reduces the amount of pressure in your arteries.

In addition to that, it also helps open up your arteries and veins, which improves blood flow. Common side effects include fatigue and weight gain.

Keep in mind, however, that it’s not suitable for those with asthma as it can increase airway reactivity.

2. Diuretics 

Diuretics are drugs that promote sodium excretion. They do this by increasing urine production in the kidney.

In doing so, there will be less fluid in your body, which will reduce blood pressure. Common side effects include headaches, dizziness, muscle cramps, and increased thirst.

3. ACE Inhibitors

ACE inhibitors are often used for hypertension and heart failure. They prevent an enzyme from producing a substance that narrows your blood vessels.

This helps to relax your arteries and veins, which lowers blood pressure. Not only that, but they also reduce your heart’s workload by increasing blood flow.

4. ARBs 

Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs) block the actions of a specific hormone that narrows your blood vessels. This allows your arteries and veins to relax, which lowers blood pressure.

Aside from hypertension, they are also effective in treating chronic kidney disease and heart failure. Possible side effects include dizziness, hyperkalemia, and angioedema.

5. Calcium Channel Blockers  

Calcium channel blockers work by slowing the movement of calcium into the heart muscle. This not only widens your arteries, but it also makes it easier for the heart to pump blood.

As a result, your heart won’t have to work as hard, which will lower your blood pressure. Common side effects include drowsiness, constipation, and lightheadedness.

Treating Hypertension 

Hopefully, that gives you a better idea of how to treat hypertension. As you can see, there are various types of blood pressure medications that you can take to keep things under control!

Looking for a place to fill your prescription? Feel free to make an order through our site! 

Canadian Drug Prices Have You Excited? 14 Pros and Cons of Canadian Imports

Medical bills are the number-one cause of bankruptcy in the United States today. People get sick, get diagnosed with a chronic condition, get diagnosed with cancer, and suddenly their whole life’s savings is gone down the drain. One of the biggest culprits of this financial hardship is drug prices.

If you haven’t already heard about the insulin fiasco, you’re probably still aware that U.S. drug prices are outrageously high. Many people are turning to Canada to get medicines at prices they can afford. Read on to learn more about Canadian drug prices and the pros and cons of buying drugs from our friendly neighbors to the north.

1. Similar Regulations

One of the big questions about buying medications from Canada is if they’ll be as highly regulated as those in the United States. Canada does have very strict standards for their drug companies, overseen by Health Canada. These regulations are very similar to those in the U.S., so there’s a good chance any meds you get from Canada will have undergone the same rigorous testing as American drugs.

2. No FDA Rules

It is true, though, that the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not regulate drugs imported from Canada. As the FDA regulates drugs in the USA, so does Health Canada for Canadians. You’ll need to do your research to check the regulations from each body on the drug you’re planning on buying.

3. Free Trade

There are many who argue that the reason drug prices are so out of control right now is that American companies operate in a bubble. When consumers have the choice to get their products from a variety of sources, it forces companies to sell their products at competitive prices. Buying imported medicines from Canada helps encourage free trade and get fairer prices for all.

4. Online Drugstores Aren’t as Regulated

Unfortunately, people are the worst, and there are a lot of people who are trying to take advantage of the Canadian med import trend. They set up online pharmacies where they can sell any number of substances that may or may not be actual medications. It’s important to buy from a reputable pharmacy if you go the online route.

5. It Provides Access to Affordable Meds

While the drug industry may be a free market, healthcare is not. People can’t choose what medicines they need, and their life could literally depend on their finding affordable medications. Buying medicines from Canada gives people access to the medicine they need at a price they can manage.

 6. It Pulls Profits from Evil Companies

It’s really not overstating the matter to say that most drug companies are evil. They profit off of people being sick and desperate, and they fight to make sure they retain their right to charge any amount for the medicines they produce, no matter how much it hurts their customer base. By buying elsewhere, you keep money out of the pockets of companies looking to take every dollar you have.

7. Labeling Differences

One of the big risks of buying drugs internationally is difference in labeling. In the United States, medication bottles have to have certain information on them stated in certain ways. When you buy from Canada, you may risk running into information presented in unfamiliar ways that you can’t understand or even in French.

8. Delivery Is Quick

A major benefit of buying drugs from Canada specifically is that the delivery is quick. When we’re talking about getting drugs in, waiting can be painful or even life-threatening. But most drugs from Canada will get delivered seven to ten days, as opposed to ten to eighteen days from other parts of the world.

9. Risk of Unsupervised Use

You should only ever use medications that your doctor has prescribed or recommended to you; failing to do so can expose you to serious health risks. But when you buy medicine online, you don’t always have to have a doctor’s approval. This can lead to misuse, addiction, serious side effects, and even death.

10. It’s Relatively Low Risk

Buying drugs from certain countries that have very few regulations and lots of illegal drug use is a risky prospect. But because Canada has such high standards for their drug companies, buying from them is relatively low-risk. In fact, it may be less risk to buy from Canada than to wager your life’s savings buying in the U.S.

11. It’s an Easy Solution

The problem of how to tackle the outrageous drug prices in America is a sticky one made even more complicated by lobbyists. But buying medicine from Canada is a quick, easy solution. It lets people get the medicine they need without going bankrupt or waiting a few decades for laws to change.

12. It Could Be Fake

When you’re buying online, it’s very hard to tell if a company is who they say they are. They can look like they’re operating out of Canada and instead be producing drugs in a country where regulations are very much lower. This is why it’s crucial that you buy only from reputable companies.

Learn More About Canadian Drug Prices

The healthcare situation in the United States is out of control, and far too many people find themselves unable to afford the medications they need. Buying medicine at Canadian drug prices can provide an avenue for these people to get treatment without going bankrupt. The trick is to be careful and buy only from reputable companies.

If you’d like to learn more about Canadian drug prices, check out the rest of our site at PricePro Pharmacy. We are your trusted online Canadian pharmacy, and we provide a 100% money back guarantee if you aren’t happy with our products. Check out our complete catalogue of Canadian drugs and discover the steep discounts we can offer you on the medicines you need.

Do You Need a Prescription to Order Meds Online?

do you need a prescription

Americans spend roughly $1200 per year per person on pharmaceutical drugs. Some families spend that much per month alone on certain drugs, especially those that they need to stay alive.

Fortunately, there is a cheaper alternative: by buying pharmaceuticals from registered pharmacies in Canada.

Those who have never done so before may be wary of the whole process. Is it real? Are the drugs counterfeit? Do you need a prescription in order to purchase the drugs?

In this blog post, we'll go over what you need to buy prescription drugs from a pharmacy in Canada, saving yourself both time and money.

Why Buy from a Canadian Pharmacy Online?

One of the biggest reasons to purchase from an online pharmacy is convenience. No matter where you're ordering the prescription drugs from, they'll arrive at your door safe and sound in a matter of days. While this may not help you if you need medication for an acute condition, those who need on-going pharmaceuticals can definitely benefit.

We all live busy lives, and picking up a prescription can just be one extra hassle we're not looking forward to. If this can save you even a few extra minutes, it's absolutely worth it.

Why Buy from a Canadian Pharmacy Online? Money-Saving Opportunities

Americans spent over $330 billion on pharmaceuticals in 2017, more than any other country in the world. It is well known that their Canadian neighbors often sell their medication for a much cheaper price, especially since Canadians who don't have private insurance are expected to pay out of pocket.

As such, buying from a Canadian pharmacy can mean that you'll save a pocketful of money that you can use on almost anything else. You shouldn't have to sacrifice your, or your children's, well-being in order to afford medication. Shopping abroad makes that a reality.

Do You Need a Prescription to Order Drugs Online?

Absolutely. In order to get any prescription drugs online from a reputable pharmacy, you'll need to get a prescription first. You can then either mail in the prescription or allow the pharmacy to contact your doctor's office with permission to dispense the medication.

Any reputable online pharmacy will have this requirement. While it's likely you can find online pharmacies that don't make you show a prescription, these are likely illegal. Additionally, you should not trust a pharmacy that does not require you to give them your prescription.

Without a prescription, you could, conceivably, get any drug they wish to give you. If you're not a scientist yourself, you have no guarantee of knowing that what you're getting is the real deal. As such, you should always go with a pharmacy that requires a prescription over one that doesn't. And yes, that even goes if your great-aunt Margaret says she's used the pharmacy. Recommendations do not equal legitimacy.

Other Things to Be Aware of When Ordering Drugs Online

When ordering pharmaceuticals online, especially from Canada, it is important that you know what you're doing. As such, we've listed a few considerations you'll need to make before you enter your credit card information.

While a pharmacy that doesn't require a prescription is a huge red flag, we've got a few others you need to be aware of.

The Pharmacy Isn't Verified

Any pharmacy you order from should be verified via Pharmacy Checker. This is an independent way to ensure that the pharmacy you're ordering from is actually what it claims to be. You can find a pharmacy with a nice looking site that requires you to send a prescription but still isn't verified. Don't let yourself be taken for a ride and end up parting with your money for either no product or fake medication.

They Won't Speak to Your Doctor

A real pharmacy that operates with genuine pharmaceuticals has no problem contacting your doctor. In some cases, doctors can even send prescriptions to pharmacies without your intervention, meaning you'll be able to get the medication when you need it without having to be a go-between.

PricePro Pharmacy will always speak to your doctor about a medication and will allow them to phone in your prescriptions. This is because they're a legitimate pharmacy who cares about its customers.

They Won't Speak to You Over the Phone

Another way to verify a pharmacy is to speak to them over the phone. A genuine pharmacy will have someone available and will have no issues answering your questions. From enquiries about how to order your medication to side effects the medication can cause, they should answer your questions during business hours.

A pharmacy that has no one manning their phones is a huge red flag. This is especially the case if they have established hours on their site, but never pick up or will not return any messages you have left them.

Use Caution When Ordering Medication Online

So, do you need a prescription when ordering medication online? The resounding answer is yes if the pharmacy is legitimate. If the pharmacy is not legitimate, they may not require that you provide anything. In that case, it's a good idea to cancel your order or to not go with them in the first place.

If you're looking for a genuine Canadian pharmacy to order from, try PricePro. We have virtually every medication you could possibly need at a reasonable price. If you're ready to make the leap and order from us, contact us today. We have staff waiting for your call.

Here Are The Differences Between The Different Types Of Antidepressants

best antidepressants

Depression is a crippling condition. It's also one that can make it difficult to get through the simplest of tasks. But, you're not alone.

In fact, over 16.2 million adults have been diagnosed with depression in the US alone. Fortunately, there's help.

By working with your doctor, you can get the right diagnosis and find relief from your symptoms. After being diagnosed with depression, priority one is finding the best antidepressants. Here’s a guide to the different types of antidepressants.

4 Different Types of Antidepressants

When using a medicinal route to treat depression, antidepressants are the most popular choice. While they do not provide a cure for depression, symptoms of depression can be drastically reduced.

There are many different classes of medications that fall under the antidepressant heading. Each type works and impacts people in different ways. All antidepressants work by affecting different chemicals or pathways (neurotransmitters) in the brain.

Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs and SNRIs)

The medication groups labeled reuptake inhibitors make up the most prescribed antidepressants. As such, they are seen by many as the best antidepressants currently available. Reuptake inhibitors block the uptake of specific neurotransmitters excreted from nerve cells.   

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most widely used antidepressants. Drugs such as Prozac, Lexapro, Celexa, and Trintellix help reduce depression symptoms. These medications work by acting on the serotonin levels in your brain. As a result, your mood is better regulated. These are popular thanks to the lower occurrences of severe side effects. 

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) also impact serotonin. They also affect the norepinephrine levels in the brain.

Some examples include Effexor and Cymbalta. This class of antidepressants is effective in regulating the mood. In addition to depression, SNRIs commonly are used in the treatment of anxiety.

Tetracyclics

Another antidepressant is known as tetracyclics. Tetracyclics also impact neurotransmitters. However, they do not prevent reuptake, as SSRIs and SNRIs do.

This class of drugs prevents the binding between neurotransmitters and receptors in the brain.

Serotonin Antagonist and Reuptake Inhibitor (SARIs)

The impact of SARIs is two-fold. First, like other reuptake inhibitors, it prevents the reuptake of the chemical serotonin. However, it also redirects serotonin to specific receptors. This helps proper firing of the nerve cells that are responsible for mood.

Older Antidepressants

Though they were the first antidepressants on the market, older antidepressants are not frequently prescribed.

The risk of addiction, overdose, and severe side effects means that they are now only used as a last resort.

Most doctors and patients only turn to these when the newer antidepressants have failed. However, they have proven to be helpful to patients with specific symptoms.

Tricyclic antidepressants work similarly to the reuptake inhibitors. This medication works on the chemicals serotonin and epinephrine. This class of drug, which includes Elavil and Tofranil, can impact blood pressure and your heart rate.

The original antidepressant, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), blocks monoamine oxidase. It breaks down chemicals such as dopamine and serotonin. As a result of this blockage, the levels of these chemicals are raised.

MAOIs can result in higher blood pressure. They can also reduce the ability of the body to process some stimulants or medications. Also, MAOIs can negatively interact when certain foods are consumed, such as aged cheese and fermented soy foods.

Here’s How to Find the Best Type of Antidepressants for You

When finding the best type of antidepressant for you, there are many factors for both you and your doctor to consider.

First, you should openly discuss your symptoms and current medications with your doctor. Since antidepressants can interact with prescribed drugs and over the counter drugs your doctor must know about them.

If a sibling or parent has taken an antidepressant with great results, you should tell your doctor. The same goes for any medications for depression that worked for you in the past! This information can give your doctor a good idea of what may or may not work for you.

Your doctor and pharmacist can also guide and educate you about the potential side effects that can come with each medication. For many, side effects make it difficult or even impossible to continue with treatment. By knowing the potential risks, you can decide, as a team, which ones are least troublesome.

Best Antidepressants for Depression Treatment

It would help if you also discuss your lifestyle with your doctor to find the best antidepressants. Women should inform their doctor if they are pregnant. They should also discuss if they are planning on becoming pregnant or are breast-feeding.

Some classes of antidepressants should not be used when pregnant due to the potential for birth defects. Finally, certain lifestyle choices can impact how antidepressants work. 

The cost and dosage prescribed can be a huge determining factor for deciding which medication to take. First, you should check with your insurance regarding which prescription medications are covered. There are also many discount programs for medications that can help reduce your out-of-pocket costs.

Second, your doctor can also look into generic versions of the medication, which may be just as effective as the name brand. 

Be sure to follow up with your doctor and mental health professional throughout your treatment. Do not alter your dosage schedule or stop treatment without discussing it with them first!

Antidepressants are just one tool in your arsenal to combat depression. Ready to fulfill your prescription for antidepressants? Contact us for quality care and customer service. 

 

A Basic Guide To Medications For Anxiety and Their Side Effects

medication to stop racing thoughts

Racing thoughts and anxiety can disrupt life, making it both challenging and scary at times. However, doctors can both diagnose and treat anxiety disorders. Receiving an anxiety diagnosis is both a relief and an anxiety trigger. If you’re looking for medication to stop racing thoughts, this guide is here to help.

A Guide for Medication to Stop Racing Thoughts and Treat Anxiety

Before undergoing any treatment, you should consult a qualified medical professional. Since there is no “one size fits all” when it comes to the treatment of anxiety, they can help you find what works best for you. Also, they will be there to help if you experience any side effects.

Medical doctors and mental health professionals will work through a treatment plan with you. This includes any other treatment types such as therapy, counseling, and lifestyle changes. When discussing what medications are best for you, be sure to be upfront with your doctor. Tell them about any current drugs (both prescribed and over the counter), vitamins, and supplements you take. Several medications can have severe interactions, putting your health at risk.

Medication to stop racing thoughts and anxiety help manage the symptoms you are experiencing. While they are unable to cure anxiety disorders fully, it can at least reduce your symptoms. There are a wide variety of anti-anxiety medications available, depending on your health and needs.

Benzodiazepines

Benzodiazepines are a group of medications meant for short-term period treatment. This group includes Ativan (lorazepam), Klonopin (clonazepam), Valium (diazepam), and Xanax (alprazolam). This medication is used for the treatment of generalized anxiety disorder. Some doctors will sometimes prescribe it for panic and social anxiety disorders.

Along with the effects of the brain, Benzodiazepines also contains a muscle relaxer. This helps to alleviate some other anxiety symptoms

Side Effects

Benzodiazepines can be highly addictive, hence why they are only used for short-term treatments. Use these only under the guidance of a medical professional.

Beta-Blockers

When mentioning beta-blockers, many think of their everyday use of treating heart disease. However, some doctors will also use it to help control some of the more physical anxiety symptoms, like sweating and trembling.

Beta-blockers include medications like Inderal LA (propranolol), Sectral (acebutolol), and Tenormin (atenolol). This class of medicine works by reducing the heart rate and lowing blood pressure. This is done by blocking the effects of a naturally occurring stimulant in your body- epinephrine.

Side Effects

The common side effects associated with beta-blockers include fatigue, weight gain, and cold hands and feed. If you have either asthma or diabetes, be sure to alert your doctor or mental health professional.

Buspirone

Buspar (buspirone) is used in the long-term treatment of anxiety,both chronic and generalized anxiety. Increasing action at serotonin receptors in your brain, it helps to improve your mood while reducing anxiety. When dealing with racing thoughts, this helps reduce the number of racing thoughts and makes you able to calm your mind easier.

Since Buspar is meant for the long-term treatment of anxiety and racing thoughts, you must take it consistently. It does take some time, sometimes up to two weeks, for any changes to begin to take effect. For the full effects to take place, it can take anywhere from four to six weeks of consistently taking the medication.

For many, Buspar is a preferred medication of choice as it is non-addictive and does not have any sedating side effects.

Side Effects

Patients taking buspirone have reported side effects like dizziness, trouble sleeping, and headaches.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs)

Monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs) are the original antidepressants. When other antidepressants fail, many will turn to MAOIs. This class of medicine includes Marplan (isocarboxazid) and Parnate (tranylcypromine).

MAOIs work by blocking the enzyme monoamine oxidase. This breaks down the chemicals serotonin and norepinephrine in the brain.

Side Effects

MAOIs have several side effects, including Insomnia, drowsiness, headaches, and dry mouth. With MAOIs, you also need to keep an eye on the foods you eat as they can interact with those containing higher levels of tyramine.

Tyramine, an amino acid regulating blood pressure, is found in aged cheeses, cured meats, draft beer, and fermented soy foods like miso and tofu. This interaction causes severely high blood pressure. Your doctor can provide a more comprehensive list for you.

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs)

Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (SSRIs) are a preferred treatment for anxiety disorders. Some of the more commonly known SSRIs include:

  • Lexapro (escitalopram)
  • Paxil (paroxetine),
  • Prozac (fluoxetine)
  • Zoloft (sertraline)

SSRIs are actually considered an antidepressant. Though, they can be useful in treating anxiety and racing thoughts by increasing serotonin in your brain, improving your mood.

Side Effects

Side effects with SSRIs include:

  • increased headaches
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • sexual dysfunction or diminished sexual drive
  • weight gain

Increased suicidal ideations have been reported with the use of SSRIs, especially in younger patients. Be sure to contact a doctor immediately if someone taking an SSRI is exhibiting any signs of having suicidal ideations.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs)

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors (SNRIs) are yet another commonly used category of medication to treat racing thoughts and anxiety. Cymbalta (duloxetine), Effexor (venlafaxine), and Pristiq (desvenlafaxine) are all SNRIs. SNRIs work by increasing both serotonin and norepinephrine levels, boosting your mood. In fact, SNRIs are very similar to SSRIs.

Side Effects

Side effects with SNRIs are the same as SSRIs:

  • increased headaches
  • drowsiness
  • dry mouth
  • sexual dysfunction or diminished sexual drive
  • weight gain
  • increased suicidal ideations

Tricyclic Antidepressants

Tricyclic Antidepressants are a category in the treatment of anxiety and racing thoughts. Medications that block the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine include:

  • Anafranil (clomipramine)
  • Elavil (amitriptyline)
  • Pamelor (nortriptyline)
  • Tofranil (imipramine)

These medications block the action of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.

Side Effects

Side effects of tricyclic antidepressants include:

  • Blurred vision
  • Lowered blood pressure upon standing
  • Hives
  • Constipation
  • Increased heart rate

A Basic Guide to Medications for Anxiety and Their Side Effects

While SSRIs and SNRIs are the most common medication to stop racing thoughts and anxiety, only your doctor and mental health professionals can decide if they are right for you. With all of the medicines available, with time and a comprehensive treatment approach, you can find help for your racing thoughts and anxiety.

Need help finding the right medication for your condition? Contact us today so we can be of assistance. 

 

Where In The World Is Your Medication Made, and How Did It Come To Be?

Where Are Pharmaceuticals Made, and How Are They Produced?

In 2016, American doctors dispensed 2.9 billion drugs to patients. Have you ever stopped to consider, just where are pharmaceuticals made? I know that I’ve never considered this when taking a tablet.

Who makes medicine? How are drugs made? What is the origin of medicine?

When you buy medications, these questions might have occurred to you at one time or another. Yet who can you ask? 

We’ve pulled together every question you’ve ever wanted to ask about medicine but were too afraid to ask. Ready to get the answers to those curious questions? Then read on!

The Origin of Medicine

Humans have been using medicines since prehistoric times. While we may be more likely to think of traumatic procedures such as trepanning, our Stone Age ancestors were familiar with certain other medical procedures too. The birch bracket mushroom, for instance, was used as a laxative.

If we jump forward to the ancient Sumerians and Egyptians, we find more developments in the history of pharmacy. The Sumerians recognized the painkilling qualities of salicylate, a precursor to aspirin, making medicines from willow and other plants rich in the drug. In Ancient Egypt, early doctors recorded treatments on the Ebers Papyrus, with at least one treatment still being used today.

Pharmacy came into its own in the 19th Century. Industrialization had led to huge advances in chemistry. Now we could extract organic compounds and even synthesize new ones!

As the years passed, our empiricism improved and we developed new drugs. Contraceptives, blood pressure tablets, antidepressants, and more. 

But who makes medicine today?

Who Makes Medicine?

Today, the pharmaceutical industry is worth billions of dollars. You’ve probably heard of some of the companies who make medicine, like Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, Eli Lilly, and Roche. 

Inside these companies, you’ll find a huge team of people who create the medicine that you take. These are just some of the positions who help make your drugs:

  1. Organic chemists, who isolate medicinal compounds.
  2. Pharmacologists, who discover how the drugs work.
  3. Experts in pharmaceutics, who take the compound isolated by the chemists and make it into the finished product.

Discovering new drugs is a time-consuming task. According to the University of Melbourne, just one in 10,000 compounds will ever hit the market. 

The process doesn’t end there! Many of you will refill your prescriptions, buying common, mass-produced, mass-market medications. Yet if you have a unique problem or set of problems, further intervention may be needed.

This is where pharmaceutical compounding comes in. This is often done at hospital pharmacies, in particular. 

Say that you’re allergic to a non-essential ingredient, you need a liquid medication made, or just need a specific set of active ingredients. A compounding pharmacist will take these active ingredients and make a medication just for you. 

Before drugs were mass-produced, this was an essential skill for a pharmacist. Who else makes medicine when there are no huge factories making pills? Today, many compounding duties are outsourced to larger, regional compounding pharmacies.

This leads us neatly on to our next question: where are pharmaceuticals made?

Where Are Pharmaceuticals Made?

If you’ve looked at your medicines’ boxes, you might have noticed it doesn’t say where it was made. There’s solid reasoning behind that.

A lot of medicines have their active ingredients made in developing countries. For example, India or China. Other medicines may source their ingredients from European countries or have their ingredients isolated in the United States and Canada.

The pharmaceutical industry is a giant one. It spans the globe and buys ingredients from almost everywhere. The thing is that they don’t really want you to know about this: why not?

There is something of a psychological element to this. When people discover that their drugs are being made by Indian and Chinese companies, some patients reject them. They may feel that their quality control isn’t up to the standard of American companies.

This is a poor perception. If the active ingredient is the same and it is overseen by an established company, quality control will be paramount. However, there is another, more cynical angle to it, too.

When people discover that their drugs are coming from developing countries, they ask why they aren’t cheaper. Buying from developing countries is cheaper for the industry, but they don’t pass these savings on to you. There’s no easy answer to this.

It’s where we come in. We can offer you prescription drugs at a cheaper rate than the standard American pharmacy. You can find out more about us and how we make your medication affordable by clicking here.

Frequently Asked Questions

We hope that we’ve answered your questions about the origin of medicine and who makes medicine. In this section, we’re going to answer some common questions about generic medication and cheaper prescriptions.

Are Generic Drugs as Good as Brand Drugs?

In short, yes, they are. Generic drugs use the same active ingredients as name-brand drugs and have the same effects and risks as their more expensive cousins.

Are Generic Drugs Safe?

You will not be taking any more risk by taking a generic drug than you would be a branded one. They are all approved by the same regulatory body to the same exacting standards. 

When Do Generic Drugs Hit the Market?

When a new medicine is discovered, the pharmaceutical company files for a patent. This gives them up to 20 years of exclusive use. After the patent expires, generic medications can start being produced.

Do Generic Drugs Look the Same as Branded Ones?

If you’re used to a certain visual profile of a tablet, you will need to get used to new ones. Generic drugs cannot infringe on visual trademarks, so often have different names and packaging.

Final Thoughts

We hope that we’ve answered your initial question of, “Where are pharmaceuticals made?” 

Understanding the origin of your medicine is important to many consumers. If you’d like to get your prescriptions cheaper, then look into our service: we may be able to help you!

If you have any questions for us, please get in touch.

Allergies and Asthma: How to Tell the Difference

allergies and asthma

Are your days or nights filled with sneezing, wheezing or other symptoms? You might have allergies, asthma or even both.

Allergies and asthma are separate diseases, but it's not unusual to suffer from both. The most common type of asthma is found in 60 percent of patients. It's called allergic asthma and is a double-trouble combination of allergies and asthma.

Allergies and asthma are treatable. If you learn where you stand with these two diseases, you and your doctor can take control of your symptoms.

Here's everything you need to know about asthma versus allergies. You'll learn what they are, how they differ, how they are similar and what happens when you have both.

What are Allergies?

More than 50 million Americans suffer from at least one type of allergy each year. Allergies are the sixth most common cause of chronic disease in the United States. They are also the most common children's health problem.

Allergies happen when the body's immune system senses a harmless trigger and overreacts. It rushes to your body's defense by releasing chemicals to combat the supposed threat. Unfortunately, having too many of these defensive chemicals causes allergic symptoms. 

Common allergy triggers include:

  • Foods and food additives
  • Medications
  • Dust mites, cockroaches and insect stings 
  • Latex
  • Mold spores
  • Pet dander and urine
  • Pollen and other seasonal elements
  • Dust 

If you have allergies, one or more of these triggers can cause symptoms in your eyes, sinuses, nose, throat, lungs, stomach and skin. For example, allergies can cause itchy eyes, a runny nose, sneezing, coughing, hay fever, hives or eczema.

What Is Asthma?

More than 25 million Americans have asthma, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

An asthma attack happens when airways narrow. The muscles around them grow tighter, and the lining within swells. The airway cells produce thick mucus. These problems make it more difficult to get air in and out of the lungs, which are expanding during this time. People with asthma say it feels like they're not getting enough air.

Asthma involves breathing and other lung-related symptoms, although they vary. The most common symptoms are cough (especially at night), shortness of breath, wheezing and chest tightness. Before an asthma attack, many of these symptoms get worse. Asthmatics may also feel very weak and tired, and they struggle to sleep before an attack.

The Double Whammy: Allergic Asthma

When allergies cause asthma, the disease is called allergic asthma or allergy-induced asthma. For example, a person with a pollen allergy who also gets asthma attacks from pollen has allergic asthma.

Unfortunately, if you have an asthma attack from allergens, then you may also suffer from allergy symptoms at the same time.

You have a higher risk of developing allergic asthma if you have allergies, hay fever or a family history of allergies.

How Allergies and Asthma Are Different

Allergies are twice as common as asthma. Allergy symptoms can vary much more than they do in asthma, which is primarily a breathing problem.

Allergens, which trigger allergies, also trigger allergic asthma. However, some asthmatics' symptoms are not based on the same immune reaction as allergies. Their asthma starts in other situations, such as:

  • Cold air, humidity and fast temperature changes
  • Exercise, especially for children
  • Infections, including viruses
  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Stress and strong emotions, such as laughing or crying
  • Strong chemical odors and fragrances

How These Diseases Are Similar

Allergies and asthma can both cause wheezing and coughing, but asthma's hallmark is limiting the ability to breathe. If you sometimes feel you're not getting enough air, talk to your doctor about asthma.

If you know you have asthma but are also getting sinus, eye or other symptoms that allergies would explain, you need to visit your doctor.

Both diseases range widely in severity. Some people find their allergies or asthma to be a minor nuisance, while others face life-threatening reactions.

Both allergies and asthma are not static situations. The severity can change, as can triggers. If you have one or both diseases, you may gain new symptoms over time, or they may go away. The impact of these diseases can change throughout your lifetime.

No matter what your situation looks like now, remember that allergies, asthma and allergic asthma are all treatable.

Treatment: Remove Triggers in Your Environment

Avoiding triggers is the first line of treatment for both diseases. When exposures aren't setting off internal alarms, your immune system will relax.

If seasonal problems like pollen trigger your symptoms, avoid the outdoors and close your windows. You can monitor pollen counts to find the best time of day or week to get outside. When you come back in, change your shoes and clothes and take a shower to help keep your home's air clear.

If mold is a trigger, control the moisture in your home with dehumidifiers. Frequently clean damp areas, such as bathrooms and the basement.

To reduce exposure to multiple triggers, take extra steps to improve indoor air quality. Remove pet dander, pollen and dust by vacuuming carpet, rugs, upholstery and window coverings twice a week. Wash bedding often. Use special pillow and mattress protectors designed to keep dust mites and other allergens away. Consider purchasing an air purifier.

Treatment: Medications for Both Diseases

Asthma and allergy medications can significantly help people keep their symptoms at bay. Common prescriptions include antihistamines, nasal sprays and inhalers.

Some doctors give allergy shots, which expose patients to small amounts of their triggers. These shots can help their bodies build up a tolerance.

If you have allergic asthma, treating your allergies also helps reduce your asthma symptoms.

Find Affordable Prescriptions Online

If you have allergies and asthma, see your doctor regularly to ensure you're getting the best treatment. Your doctor may prescribe medications to better manage your body's reactions to triggers.

If you have any prescriptions, consider ordering them online from a Canadian pharmacy. You may save money, and the medications will conveniently arrive in the mail. Learn how to order from our pharmacy or contact us to learn more.

7 Signs of Type 2 Diabetes You Cannot Ignore

undiagnosed diabetes

undiagnosed diabetes

In the United States, more than 30 million people are living with type 2 diabetes.

This is a big number, but since type 2 diabetes is one of the most common types it's safe to assume that there are more than 100 million people in the United States battling this disease, but they don't know it. 

If you're wondering if you could be one of the many people that don't know if they have type 2 diabetes, we are here to help. Below we have created a list of the most common warning signs for undiagnosed diabetes.

Keep reading below to become aware and familiar with the warning signs.  

First Things First: What Is Type 2 Diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is one of the most common forms of diabetes in the world. With this being said, it's also one of the most undiagnosed diabetes types. 

When someone has type 2 diabetes it means that they have insulin resistance. This resistance means that their body does not use and produce insulin properly and their body can't get glucose into its cells. This can lead to high blood sugar and other health issues.

Below you will find the top 7 warning signs of type 2 diabetes. If you have noticed any of these warnings it would be best to schedule an appointment with your doctor right away.

It's also important to keep in mind that everyone's body is different. Don't assume you do or don't have the disease. If any of the symptoms apply to you, schedule an appointment with your doctor right away. 

1. Dramatic and Unwanted Weight Loss

When your cells don't get enough glucose it may cause you to lose weight because your body isn't getting the nutrition it needs. This can be due to frequent urination having you lose more calories and water than you take in.

2. Any Type of Numbness In Body

Those diagnosed with diabetes have issues with parts of their bodies such as feet, arms, hands, etc. This is because having a long time exposure to high glucose levels in the blood can lead to nerve damage.

If you notice any numbness, pain, or tingling in your body it could be an early stage of diabetes. Usually, this condition, known as diabetic neuropathy, will begin in the feet and work its way up. This condition will be more common in those that have let their diabetes go undiagnosed and untreated for many years.

3. Urinating More Frequently Than Usual

When someone has type 2 diabetes this means there will be excess glucose in their blood. When this happens the kidneys will respond to this heightened level of glucose by flushing out of the blood and transferring it to the urine.

If there is a lot of glucose in your blood this can lead to urinating more frequently than you normally do. Even an increase in urinary tract infections (UTI) in men and women can be a sign of type 2 diabetes. 

4. Being Thirsty All the Time and Not Able To Quench It

When there are high glucose levels in the blood it can cause you to become more thirsty than normal. This is due to urinating more frequently and can be looked at as a domino effect. 

If you find that you have dry mouth more than you usually do or are feeling abnormally thirsty, these could be an undiagnosed diabetes symptom.

5. A Hunger You Can't Satisfy

Since those with type 2 diabetes have insulin resistance their pancreas will overreact and begin producing more insulin than the body needs to try and compensate for the deficiency. When you have high insulin levels your body will notify your brain that you need food to create more insulin.

6. Important For Women: Frequent Infections and Feminine Health Issues 

Elevated blood sugar levels cause yeast and bacteria to multiply at a quicker rate than if blood sugar levels are normal. This means that women are at a higher risk for feminine health issues due to the heightened yeast and bacteria levels.

These health issues can include yeast infections, bacterial infections, and vaginal thrush. If you've noticed that you're getting these issues more frequently than usual it is worth scheduling an appointment to be tested for type 2 diabetes.

7. Infections In the Foot

In both women and men that have prediabetes symptoms, feet infections can happen more often due to being at high risk. As stated above, elevated sugar levels in your blood cause bacteria to multiply at an alarming rate. This means that if you get a cut or wound on your foot, it can be almost impossible to heal it properly due to the multiplying bacteria.

Even though foot issues are usually seen in those that have diabetes later in life, it doesn't mean that it can't be a symptom of undiagnosed diabetes due to blood sugar being uncontrolled for years. 

Now You Have a Better Idea of Undiagnosed Diabetes Symptoms

If you've noticed that you're urinating more often than usual, feeling hungry all the time, and not being able to quench your thirst, you may have type 2 diabetes. It's good to keep in mind that everyone's body is different, so you shouldn't assume you have the disease without getting tested.

Now, if you've noticed these symptoms don't assume you don't have type 2 diabetes. The best way to find out is to call your doctor and to make an appointment.

We hope that our top 7 undiagnosed diabetes symptoms will help you be more aware of the warning signs. For more information on health and prescriptions be sure to check out our website here

Healthcare in Canada vs US: 3 Essential Differences

healthcare in Canada vs US

Did you know that the average monthly cost for a single person to buy health insurance is $403 in the US versus $160 in Canada? It’s important to understand what you are getting the price.

There are differences and similarities in healthcare in Canada vs US. This article will compare these two healthcare systems. Keep reading to learn more.

Healthcare in Canada vs US

Healthcare plans and coverage are different in the US versus Canada. It is important to explore the whole picture before drawing conclusions. Here are some key points for consideration.

Insurance Coverage Options

Canada: Taxpayers pay for Canadian citizens’ and permanent residents’ healthcare. This is a “free” and public healthcare system. Yet, if you are not a resident, you will need to cover some costs on your own.

The public healthcare system, called Medicare, covers most basic medical services. The plans differ from one province and territory to another. All areas cover emergency medical services even if you’re not enrolled in the public system.

Canadians may receive some healthcare benefits through employers. They also have the option to buy gap insurance policies.

Single-payer or universal coverage is not affected by loss or change of job. While people tend to use preventative medicine more, there are fewer long-term care needs in Canada.

United States: In the US, there are many avenues to getting health insurance. The plans vary in the amount of coverage for medical services and prescription drugs. Individuals must choose between low-cost plans with high out-of-pocket expenses or high-cost plans with low deductibles.

Most plans require the participant to pay a set amount, called a deductible. Once you meet the deductible, the covered percentage increases. Options for health care coverage includes:

  • Coverage benefits through your employers or your spouse/partner’s employer
  • Purchasing directly from a health insurance company or via the Health Insurance Market
  • Government programs including Medicare, Medicaid, or the Children’s Health Insurance Program
  • Benefits for military personnel through the Veterans Administration or TRICARE
  • State Health Insurance Plans (if available)
  • Paying for continued temporary coverage after leaving a job under the Consolidated Omnibus Budget Reconciliation Act (COBRA)
  • The Affordable Care Act to cover health expenses not covered by an employer

Each type of coverage has eligibility requirements for enrollment. Individual out-of-pocket cost varies among the different plans.

Prescription Medication Coverage

Canada: Coverage for medications varies between provinces and territories due to different cost-sharing mechanisms. There are specific programs for citizens receiving social assistance, seniors, and people under the age of 65. There are also specialty plans targeting diseases such as cancer, palliative care, and infectious diseases.

For example, citizens under the age of 65 may pay low prices in some provinces while others have deductibles ranging from 2% to 35% of their income. Some must also pay coinsurance. In other provinces, there’s only one plan regardless of age.

Several provinces use a sliding scale based on the individual’s income. This offers greater support from the government for those with low incomes.

United States: Medicare Prescription Drug Coverage (Part D) has a gap in their prescription drug coverage. This is called the “donut hole”. When the Medicare maximum drug payment reaches $3,820, they must begin paying for medications.

While in the “donut hole” they pay 25% for brand name drugs and 37% for generic drugs. Once the individual pays $5,100, including their deductible, they pay 5% for the rest of the year.

The donut hole will end in 2020. Medicare Participants will pay 25% for generic drugs until they meet the “catastrophic level” decided by the government.

Private insurance holders pay various deductibles and are sometimes limited on which medications they can take. Benefits vary among different insurance plans.

The Patient Healthcare Experience

Canada: Their universal health-care system is one of the most expensive among developed countries. Yet, there are imbalances between the value of care received and the amount of money spent on healthcare.

For example, there are fewer physicians and hospital beds available. They also have fewer medical technologies including MRIs and CT scanners.

Canada is the only member of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) that disallows private financing for medically necessary services. Specialist physicians are also restricted from practicing in both publicly funded universal institutions and in private settings. Canada and the United Kingdom are the only OECD countries that don’t require patients to share the cost of medically necessary treatment.

United States: Most Americans feel secure that when serious injuries or illness occurs, they will have healthcare professionals to take care of them. Medical advances in treatment are being made every day at world-renowned institutions around the country.

Yet, some Americans still struggle to get the treatment and services they need. Access to healthcare is fragmented. This is especially true for lower socioeconomic groups and those with advanced illnesses.

A project was conducted called Health Care in America: The Experience of People with Serious Illness. This survey showed that 6 of 10 people with a serious illness reported at least one problem accessing care. Almost one-third of patients said they had trouble understanding their insurance coverage.

Twenty-three percent reported receiving conflicting recommendations from practitioners. Twenty-nine percent said they had duplicate tests or procedures. This increases the healthcare cost burden.

The ability to directly choose your practitioner varies based on the insurance plan and which plans are accepted by the physicians. Some policies require patients to use a “gatekeeper”.

Summary of Findings

A study in the Forum for Health Economics & Policy compared healthcare in Canada and the US. They found an increased incidence of chronic health conditions in the US. Yet, Americans had greater access to treatment for their conditions.

More US men and women were screened for common types of cancer. The mortality/incidence ratios of different cancers were higher in Canada.

The effort to deliver “free” healthcare has led to a rationing of resources in Canada. This has led to increased wait times to receive care.

In the US, many individuals do not receive medical care due to costs beyond their means. This study found that health status also correlated with income in Canada. In fact, this report stated that “the health-income gradient is slightly steeper in Canada than in the US.”

So, Which Is the Better Healthcare System Option?

The healthcare in Canada vs US both have pros and cons. Ongoing examination of what works and what needs improvement will lead both countries to more positive patient experiences and outcomes.

If you need prescription medications, PriceProPharmacy.com fills orders in Canada and the US. All medications come from licensed and certified dispensing pharmacies.

Contact us today to ask questions and learn more about our products.

Viagra vs Cialis: What’s the Difference?

viagra vs cialis

It's predicted that by 2025, 322 million men across the globe will suffer from erectile dysfunction. This common ailment can be embarrassing and it can also lead to marital problems as well as other mental health issues.

Erectile dysfunction might also be a sign of cardiovascular problems.

Luckily, there are ways to overcome erectile dysfunction by taking medications like Viagra or Cialis.

But what's the difference when it comes to Viagra vs Cialis? And which one is right for you?

Continue reading and we'll walk you through everything that you need to know so that you can medicate properly.

Viagra

Viagra is a PDE5 inhibitor and is to treat erectile dysfunction. Viagra is an oral pill and is only effective when the user is sexually aroused.

A PDE5 inhibitor is a phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitor that is able to decrease pulmonary vascular pressure and prolong an erection.

It takes about 20 minutes for Viagra to take effect and it can last up to 4.5 hours.

Viagra was the first PDE5 inhibitor approved by the FDA to treat erectile dysfunction. 

Sildenafil is the main active ingredient in Viagra and was originally being test by Pfizer to treat angina and hypertension. During the clinical trials, however, researchers noticed that sildenafil was more effective at bringing on erections than it was at treating heart disease.

Pfizer realized that erectile dysfunction was a major yet untreated problem and could be an opportunity for huge financial profit.

Viagra was then approved by the FDA in 1998.

How Viagra Works

The main function of Viagra is to help give a man an erection and sustain it when he is sexually aroused.

When a man is sexually aroused, the muscles in his penis relax. This allows for more blood to flow to his penis.

Viagra is able to raise the levels of the substance that is responsible for the tissues relaxing. This increased relaxation of tissue leads to an increased inflow of blood, thus allowing for an erection.

The Side Effects of Viagra

Viagra and other PDE5 inhibitors generally have short-lived and mild side effects. The most common side effects of Viagra are:

  • Flushing
  • Vision problems
  • Dizziness
  • Headache
  • Heartburn
  • Nausea

 

 

It's rare but possible for a man to have an erection for longer than four hours after having taken viagra. This is known as priapism and if you experience it then you should seek emergency treatment.

You should also contact your healthcare provider immediately if you experience any sudden vision or hearing loss.

Cialis

Like Viagra, Cialis is a PDE5 inhibitor that is used to treat erectile dysfunction. Cialis is the brand name for tadalafil while Viagra is the brand name for the drug sildenafil.

One big difference between Cialis and Viagra is that, while Viagra only lasts for around 4 hours, Cialis can last as long as 36 hours.

Also, while food might affect the strength of Viagra, it won't have any effect on Cialis.

Cialis is the third PDE5 inhibitor to hit the market, which it did in 2003.

 

Cialis takes between 16 and 45 minutes to take effect. The effectiveness of Cialis and Viagra is about equal.

Because Cialis lasts so long, it can mean that you'd be at higher risk for drug interactions. Also, you may have to reduce your dosage if you suffer from liver or kidney disease.

Side Effects of Cialis

Like Viagra, the side effects of Cialis typically don't last long and are rarely severe.

The most common side effects include:

  • Flushing
  • Stuffy nose
  • Headache
  • Upset stomach
  • Muscle or back pain

If you happen to show signs of an allergic reaction to Cialis - such as trouble breathing, swelling of your lips, throat, tongue or face, hives - then seek emergency help.

Also, if you experience chest pain, nausea, or dizziness while having sex after having taken Cialis, you should stop and seek emergency help immediately.

Dosages

You should take Viagra on an as-needed basis, around 1 hour before sexual activity, at a dose of 50mg. You can also take Viagra anywhere from half an hour to 4 hours before sex.

If the dose is ineffective, it can be increased to 100mg or even decreased to 25mg if it's too intense.

Even though the effects of Viagra only last for around 4 hours, you should still only take the pill once a day.

Cialis can be taken daily or on an as-needed basis. As-needed doses are usually bigger than daily ones. Cialis is normally taken at a starting dose of 10mg. The dosage can also be increased to 20mg or decreased to 5mg.

When taken for daily use, it's recommended that you start with a dosage of 2.5mg. The timing of the daily dose doesn't matter. You shouldn't take more than one day per day.

Cost

Cialis costs around $48 for the 20mg strength and $8.50 for the 5mg strength, per pill.

Viagra is around $35 for the 100mg strength and #24 for the 50mg strength.

The Importance of Knowing the Difference When it Comes to Viagra Vs Cialis

Although Viagra and Cialis share many similarities, it's clear that there are also several important differences between them. Especially when it comes to how long they last and how much each medication costs. 

This is why it's so important that you review all of the information for Viagra vs Cialis before you and decide which medication is best suited for your lifestyle and budget.

Are you interested in purchasing prescription medications like Viagra or Cialis? Contact us today and see how we can help you!