Avapro (Irbesartan) Dosage and Side Effects
AVAPRO is used to treat high blood pressure. It's also used to treat kidney disease that's caused by diabetes, as well as heart failure.
Warnings and Precautions
Before taking AVAPRO, tell your doctor if you have or have ever had:
- Allergies to medications
- Heart failure or blood vessel problems
- Stroke or heart attack
- Kidney disease (or if you're on dialysis)
- Angioedema (a condition that causes swelling of the hands, face, eyes, lips, throat, or tongue; hoarseness; or swallowing and breathing difficulties)
- Either high blood potassium levels or low blood sodium levels
- Low blood volume
Also let your physician know if you have diabetes and are taking the drug aliskiren (Tekturna, Amturnide, Tekamlo).
This medicine might not work as well in African-Americans. Talk to your doctor if this is a concern for you.
Let your doctor know if you're on a low-salt diet or if you're dehydrated before taking this medicine.
Tell your physician if you experience diarrhea, vomiting, or excessive sweating while taking AVAPRO, because you may be at an increased risk for developing low blood pressure.
Check with your healthcare provider before using a salt substitute or any product that has potassium in it while using AVAPRO.
This medicine shouldn't be given to a child younger than 16. Safety and effectiveness in this age group haven't been established.
Be sure to let your doctor know you're taking this medicine before having any type of surgery, including a dental procedure.
This medicine will help control high blood pressure, but it won't cure the condition.
It might take up to two weeks before you experience the full benefits of the drug. Don't stop taking AVAPRO without first talking to your doctor.
Your physician will probably want to perform frequent lab tests while you take this medicine. Keep all appointments with your doctor and laboratory.
Pregnancy and AVAPRO
AVAPRO contains a black-box warning because it can cause serious injury or death to an unborn baby if it's taken in the last six months of pregnancy.
Tell your doctor immediately if you're pregnant or might become pregnant while taking this medicine.
It's not known whether AVAPRO is found in breast milk. Don't breast-feed a baby while taking this medicine.
Common Side Effects of AVAPRO
Tell your doctor if any of the following side effects become severe or don't go away:
Serious Side Effects of AVAPRO
Tell your doctor right away if you experience any of the following serious side effects:
- Swelling of the face, tongue, throat, lips, eyes, hands, feet, ankles, or lower legs
- Difficulty swallowing or breathing
- Chest pain
- Fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat
- Dark-colored urine or a change in the amount of urine produced
- Muscle pain or cramps
- Severe stomach pain
- Extreme fatigue
- Severe dizziness or light-headedness
- Vision changes
- Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice)
Interactions with this medication
Tell your doctor about all prescription, non-prescription, illegal, recreational, herbal, nutritional, or dietary drugs you're taking, especially those listed in the Warning section and any of the following:
- Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors such as Altace (ramipril), Aceon (perindopril), benazepril (Lotensin, in Lotrel), captopril (Capoten, in Capozide), lisinopril (in Prinzide, in Zestoretic), Monopril (fosinopril), moexipril (Univasc, in Uniretic), quinapril (Accupril, in Accuretic, in Quinaretic), trandolapril (Mavik, in Tarka), and Vasotec (enalapril)
- Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as Celebrex (celecoxib), ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin), and naproxen (Aleve, Naprosyn)
- Diet pills or cold medicines
- Diuretics (water pills)
AVAPRO and Other Interactions
AVAPRO may cause light-headedness, dizziness, or fainting.
Don't drive or perform any activity that requires alertness until you know how the medicine affects you.
AVAPRO and Alcohol
Alcohol may worsen certain side effects of AVAPRO.
Talk to your doctor before consuming alcohol while taking this drug.
Proper Use of this medication
AVAPRO comes as a tablet to take by mouth. It's usually taken once a day, with or without food.
Follow the instructions on your prescription label carefully when taking this medicine.
Don't take more or less AVAPRO than is recommended by your doctor.
Try to take the drug around the same time each day.
Your physician might start you on a low dose of AVAPRO and gradually increase it.
Symptoms of an AVAPRO overdose may include:
- Fast or slow heartbeat
- Severe dizziness
If you suspect an overdose, contact a poison control center or emergency room immediately.
You can get in touch with a poison control center at 800-222-1222.
Missed Dose of AVAPRO
If you miss a dose of AVAPRO, take it as soon as you remember.
But skip the missed dose if it's almost time for your next dose.
Don't take extra medicine to make up for a missed dose.
Other related products
The above information is an educational aid only. It is not intended as medical advice for individual conditions or treatments. Talk to your doctor, nurse or pharmacist before following any medical regimen to see if it is safe and effective for you.